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357,027 sqkm; Germany is located in the heart of Europe and surrounded by nine neighbours


80,8 (2013)

Population Growth

-0.2% (2014 est.)

Population density

226 inhabitants per sqkm


Predominantly Christian


Democratic Federal republic comprising 16 states,
including Berlin, Bremen and Hamburg

Head of State

Federal President Joachim Gauck

Head of Government

Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel

State structure

Germany is a federation consisting of 16 federal states, each with its own constitution, parliament and government. The highest state authority is exercised by the federal government. Through the agency of the Bundesrat, the states are represented at the federal level and participate in federal legislation.

Capital City

Capital City Berlin

Federal States


Baden-Württemberg (Stuttgart), Bavaria (Munich), Berlin (Berlin), Brandenburg (Potsdam), Bremen (Bremen), Hamburg (Hamburg), Hesse (Wiesbaden), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Schwerin), Lower Saxony (Hanover), North Rhine-Westphalia (Düsseldorf), Rhineland-Palatinate (Mainz), Saarland (Saarbrücken), Saxony (Dresden), Saxony-Anhalt (Magdeburg), Schleswig-Holstein (Kiel), Thuringia (Erfurt)


Moderate oceanic/continental climatic zone with frequent changes in weather and primarily westerly winds; Germany has warm summers (June-September) and cold winters (December-March).


German writers, composers and philosophers such as Goethe, Schiller, Bach, Beethoven, Kant and Hegel have strongly influenced our Culture. The cultural sovereignty of each federal state ensures the country’s wealth of different cultural institutions and a vibrant cultural scene.

Visa Regulations

Foreigners looking to work or study in Germany need a visa.


Germany has the largest economy in the European Union and the third largest in the world.

Key sectors of the German economy are car-manufacturing; mechanical, electrical and precision engineering; chemicals; environmental technology; opticals; medical technology; biotechnical and genetic engineering; nanotechnology; aerospace and logistics.

Business Languages

German, English


Euro (1 Euro = 100 Cents)


2,737,600 billion Euro (2013)

GDP per capita

33,355 Euro (2013)

GDP growth

0.4 % (2013)


1.43 % (2013)

Unemployment rate

6.5 % (July 2014)

Total Import

895 billion Euro (2013)



Total Export

 1 093.9 billion Euro (2013)



Source: GTAI
Updated: August 2014

Please take a close look at Germany's Business Environment for further informations.

For more information please check the GTAI homepage